Kay

In short, for the poorer peasants multi- or pluriactivity has been little more than a means for survival leading to a process of depeasantization, deagrarianization, semi-proletarianization or even proletarianization. Hence their increasing exploitation as they have become mainly providers of cheap and flexible labour for capitalism and have to a large extent lost their capacity to produce cheap food. Only for the already well endowed peasant farmers has diversification become a strategy of capital accumulation and improved well-being (Kay, 2008: 935).

— Kay, C. (2008). Reflections on Latin American rural studies in the neoliberal globalization period: a new rurality? Development and Change 39(6), 915-943.

Luhmann

Los valores entonces no son más que un conjunto de puntos de vista altamente movedizo. No son iguales a las estrellas fijas (como alguna vez lo fueron las ideas) sino más bien a los globos cuyo forro se conserva para, en dado caso, especialmente en las fiestas, inflarlos (Luhmann, 2006: 266).

— Luhmann, N. (2006). La sociedad de la sociedad. Editorial Herder: México.

Pióro

Regional development is a complex, global process, consisting of a series of changes aimed at achieving rich personalities within prosperous and democratic society. These changes are observed in the rises of per capita production, educational level and professional and moral qualities of the people, in the people’s political activity, in the use of their standards of living, in widespread cultural life, and in preserving the values of man’s environment. […]

However, not all the changes that occur in a region can be qualified as ‘development’. Only the changes that are accepted by the people concerned as concordant with directional trends can be called ‘development’. By ‘directional trends’ I refer to the conditions under which individual and social aims may be achieved within the scheme of a country’s development policy (Pióro, 1979: 195-196).

— Pióro, Z. (1979). The sociological concept of regional development. In: Kuklinski, A., Kultalahti, O. & Koskiaho, B. Regional dynamics of socioeconomic change, 195-202. Tampere: Finnpublishers.

Castells

La unidad urbana es, en primer lugar, definida como yuxtaposición originaria de economías de dimensión. Estas economías de dimensión se definen como las ventajas que proporciona la concentración espacial de funciones y Empresas, de forma que éstas no pueden nacer fuera de tal agrupamiento. En el fondo lo esencial es más bien este agrupamiento y el conjunto interdependiente de elementos móviles e inmóviles que lo constituyen, que el espacio concreto en el que se asienta, el cual puede ser explicado históricamente, pero no en tanto que proceso económico. Las ventajas pueden resumirse en dos palabras: Cambio, y, sobre todo, innovación. La ciudad puede definirse, desde este punto de vista, como unidad de producción de conocimientos socialmente nuevos (Castells, 2001: 37).

— Castells, M. (2001). Problemas de investigación en sociología urbana. México, D. F.; Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno Editores.

Phyne

In Chile, the combination of weak rural capital and strong landed elites in the democratic period meant policies favoured landed elites in agriculture and fisheries. This was reinforced after the military coup of 1973 and the development of a neo-liberal regime. While landed elites had to share with foreign capital, domestic policies reinforced their strength in rural areas. In Chile, landed elites and foreign capital dominate the industry. This was through a neo-liberalism reinforced by economic globalization. Even after the return to democracy and centre-left coalition governments, neo-liberalism reinforced the power of landed elites and foreign capital (Phyne, 2010: 165).

— Phyne, J. (2010). A comparative political economy of rural capitalism: salmon aquaculture in Norway, Chile and Ireland. Acta Sociologica 53(2), 160-180.

Stinchcombe

Our prejudices are not good guides to intellectual quality. The use of classics as identifying badges tends to produce sects rather than open intellectual communities. The badges tend to become boundaries rather than guides (Stinchcombe, 1982: 7).

— Stinchcombe, A. (1982). Should sociologists forget their mothers and fathers. The American Sociologist 17, 2-11.

Beck

“Post” es la clave para el desconcierto que se enreda en las modas. Esta palabra remite a algo que está más allá y que no puede nombrar, y en los contenidos que nombra y niega permanece en el letargo de lo conocido. Pasado máspost” es la receta básica con que en una incomprensión rica en palabras, pero pobre en conceptos, nos confrontamos con una realidad que parece desvencijarse (Beck, 1998: 15).

— Beck, U. (1998). La sociología del riesgo: hacia una nueva modernidad. Barcelona; Buenos Aires: Paidós.

Becker

Training in social science, which presumably fills your head with social science theories, will not necessarily improve the social science content of your photographs. Knowledge does not automatically shape what you do, but works only when it is deliberately put to work, when it is consciously brought into play (Becker, 2000).

— Becker, H. (2000). Photography and sociology.