In short, for the poorer peasants multi- or pluriactivity has been little more than a means for survival leading to a process of depeasantization, deagrarianization, semi-proletarianization or even proletarianization. Hence their increasing exploitation as they have become mainly providers of cheap and flexible labour for capitalism and have to a large extent lost their capacity to produce cheap food. Only for the already well endowed peasant farmers has diversification become a strategy of capital accumulation and improved well-being (Kay, 2008: 935).

— Kay, C. (2008). Reflections on Latin American rural studies in the neoliberal globalization period: a new rurality? Development and Change 39(6), 915-943.

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