Koss & Sato

Distance affects state power in two distinct ways: First, the state experiences difficulties to reach communities in remote localities—a problem of infrastructural power. Second, it is difficult to insulate state agents from undue influences from their surroundings—a problem of state autonomy (Koss & Sato, 2016: 396).

— Koss, D. & Sato, H. (2016). A micro-geography of State extractive power: the case of rural China. Studies in Comparative International Development, 51, 389–410.

Beard

Se da el caso de que cuando los oyentes escuchan una voz femenina, no perciben connotación alguna de autoridad o más bien no han aprendido a oír autoridad en ella; no oyen mythos (Beard, 2018: 39).

— Beard, M. (2018). Mujeres y poder: un manifiesto. Santiago de Chile: Editorial Planeta.

Santos

En el acontecer homólogo y en el acontecer complementario, tenemos el dominio de fuerzas, localmente centrípetas, en tanto que en el acontecer jerárquico el dominio es de fuerzas centrífugas (Santos, 1996: 126).

— Milton Santos (1996). De la totalidad al lugar. Barcelona: Oikos-Tau.

White

El marco dominante del enfoque humano-vida salvaje es extrañamente familiar. Evoca a narrativas coloniales que presentaban a las personas locales como incapaces de gobernarse a sí mismas, necesitando intervención y regulación externas (White, 2016: 83).

— White, S. C. (2016). “¿Por dónde va a pasar el elefante? Va a pasar por la aldea”. Bienestar humano, desarrollo y las políticas de la naturaleza en Chiawa, Zambia. In: Di Giminiani, P., Aedo, Á. & Loera, J. Ecopolíticas globales: medio ambiente, bienestar y poder, 81-105. Santiago de Chile: Hueders.

Espacios políticos y prioridades de desarrollo

Espacios políticos y prioridades de desarrollo: transformaciones territoriales en un contexto glocal
Álvaro Román

Departing from an assessment of the pertinence of the concept of territory in the analysis of spatial changes, the notion of space is applied to understand how different actors taking part in several networks and scales affect the articulation of development priorities of a specific scale. Concept of decision is used to comprehend the participation of those actors as a continuous process of choosing social relations to deploy. Discourses are seen as interpretations of the reality elaborated to explain decisions, whose authors pretend to get legitimated by the rest. An approach of political spaces integrates these concepts in a theory of power which understand it as a mechanism to select decisions. In this work these processes are analyzed in regard of salmon aquaculture and forestry in Southern Chile.

It is remarkable that successful strategies are related with actors who use their resources to achieve networks at several scales, whilst those who orient their relations to just one scale will hardly impose their own priorities. Capital is still an important resource in terms of influence, but it is not the only one; in example, access to media also plays a relevant role. From these strategies follows that having access to resources is not enough to network successfully, but they are valuable only if they are used to lead in power relations.

Román, Á. (2013). Espacios políticos y prioridades de desarrollo: transformaciones territoriales en un contexto glocal. Anales de la Sociedad Chilena de Ciencias Geográficas 2012, 252-258.

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